Kerala Mahatmyam, a great treatise on the History of Kerala, which is in Sanskrit containing more than stanzas and hundred chapter states that Vishnu. The Keralolpathi is a Malayalam work that deals with the origin of the land of Kerala. Shungunny Menon ascribes the authorship of this work to Thunchaththu. “Keralotpathi and Kerala-mahatmyam” says C.A. Innes, “are late compilations of unknown origin and so full of inconsistencies, anachronisms and absurdities.
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Shungunny Menon ascribes the authorship of this work to Thunchaththu Ramanujan Ezhuthachana 17th-century scholar of the Malabar region of India.
Nair women could, if they wished, entertain more than one husband and, in the event of difficulties, were free to divorce without any social stigma. Views Read Edit View history. Boys were sent off to train in military gymnasiums from the age of eight, and their sole occupation thereafter was to master the art of warfare. This page was last edited on 8 Decemberat Historians doubt the reliability of this collection of legends as it contains many discrepancies.
But as the scholar K. There are, however, two views on this that have been passed down within the region. Some anthropologists regard Kerala’s system of matrilineal kinship as the continuation of a practice that at one time existed all over the world, while others contend that it was conceived due to some mysterious, compelling circumstances that replaced patriarchy at a historical point. Shungunny Menon, stated that:. The marriage system itself was something that never ceased to fascinate visitors to Kerala.
Besides, by the 18th century modified versions of the work started appearing, varying from kingdom to kingdom and region to region in Kerala.
While the “Kerala Mahatmayam” deals with the origin of Kerala and its people alone, the Keralolpathi gives a history of Kerala down to the modern age, including reference to the British in Kerala. Likewise even the origins of most of the castes and clans of Kerala varies from the ancient Sanskrit Kerala Mahatmayam. The Ivory Throne is his first book.
Mahatmam Nairs, the principal matrilineal caste, were the descendants of these nymphs and their Brahmin overlords, tracing their lineages in the maternal line. Widowhood was no catastrophic disaster and they were effectively at par with men when it came to sexual rights, with complete autonomy over their bodies.
Sign in with Google. He is then said to have awarded this new region conveniently to Brahmins, after which he summoned equally conveniently deva divinegandharva celestial minstreland rakshasa demon women for the pleasure of these men. Among Nambutiri Brahmins only the eldest son was permitted to take a Brahmin wife and all other men had to seek sambandhams from the high-caste matrilineal communities. William Loganwho was mahaymyam author of the Malabar Manual also refutes the validity of the Keralolpathi and describes it as:.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For instance it states that a certain Viceroy of Kerala went to Mecca and met the Islamic prophet Mohammed there.
Sreedhara Menon, page Commons category link is on Wikidata Commons category link is on Wikidata using P As Kerala was ushered into the modern era, closer to democracy and republicanism, the women of Travancore came to occupy a central role in its fortunes.
In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Travancore, a dominion loyal to the British Raj, was relatively newer than the ancient houses that once warred over this slice of south-western India, set between mahatmym Arabian Sea and the tail-end of the Western Ghats.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Keralolpathi. However the said king reigned between and AD.
Wikisource has original text related to this article: These refer to the creation of Kerala by the legendary hero Parasurama, who is supposed to have hurled his battle-axe from Gokarna to Cape Comorin and claimed from the sea all the land in between.
However the corresponding date mentioned is such that the prophet was not even born till more than a century later. Therefore, according to Shungunny Menon a native historian of TravancoreKerala one cannot place, in the Keralolpathi, the value of a historical source. Manu Pillai Manu Pillai is a writer and researcher.
While the military tradition of the Nairs, famous for its suicide bands called chavers, was well known, this theory is also more circumstantial than absolute.
Kerala Mahatmyam @
Yet a ruthless ancestor and generations of shrewd management ensured its endurance, as well as its political and cultural currency. One is mythological and based on keralla Malayalam treatise kerapa Keralolpathi, as well as and a Sanskrit work called the Kerala Mahatmyam. The other theory relates to the ancient martial tradition of the Nairs. Instead he would visit a lady in her natal home every now and then, solely for sexual purposes, and the offspring would be her responsibility entirely.
Retrieved from ” https: So the onus of family and succession was taken care of by women, who formed large establishments and managed their affairs independently in the absence of men.