ISO uses the term, Integrated Circuit Card (ICC) to encompass all those devices where an integrated circuit is contained within an ISO ID1 identification card. Identification cards — Integrated circuit(s) cards with contacts — Part 1: Physical characteristics. ISO/IEC specifies the physical characteristics of integrated circuit cards with contacts. It applies to identification cards of the ID-1 card type, which.
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ISO part 1 smart card standard
It specifies the standard method to maintain and query the database, it also provides format definitions. This is in itself an integral and complex process that we shall describe later in more detail.
PVC was traditionally used in the manufacture of cards and enabled a higher printing resolution. As mentioned previously, security may be an important issue for ido application and isi there may be extra requirements on the physical and logical security offered by the particular chip. Part 3 Location of embossed characters on ID -1 cards. The three most widely used tests applied by fabricators are specified in the 781-61 to the standard: The ISO standard is meant for personal identification of the user.
From the requirements individual specifications can be prepared for the chip, card, mask ROM software and the application software. The sequence of operations for activating and deactivating the IC is defined in order to minimise the likelihood of damage to the IC.
The IC should still be operational at the end of the test. The embossing is defined to be on the front of the card and therefore on the same side as the IC connector. With a periodicity of 30 bendings per minute the card is deflected to 2cm at its centre from the long axis and 1cm from the short axis.
A particular chip may have one or more of these memory types.
The reset signal 7861-1 asserted by the interface device and is used to start up the program contained in the IC ROM. This standard specifies the location of the magnetic material, the location of the encoded data tracks and the beginning and end of the encoding. Security is a fundamental aspect in the manufacture of a Smart Card and is intrinsic to the total process.
These characteristics fall into the following categories: The standard requires the card to withstand 1, torsions without chip failure or visible cracking of the card. The card fabricator embeds the chip in the plastic card. The relevant part of the ISO standard is commands. The application code could be designed as part of the mask ROM code but the more modern approach is to design the application software to operate from the PROM non volatile memory. The guard time is defined to be equal to two bit periods although for block mode it can be changed to a 1 bit period.
This standard defines the requirements for cards to be used in financial transactions. As we have already observed the serial communication is operated by the use of a single chip connector, where the direction of data transmission has to change depending on whether the IC card or interface is transmitting data.
The principal subjects to be considered are as follows: One of the issues surrounding the use of the IC card relates to the temperature range for operational use. According to its abstract, it specifies interindustry commands for integrated circuit cards either with contacts or without contacts that may be used for cryptographic operations. The problems of interoperability start at the bottom, in other words with the physical dimensions of the card and the location of the contacts.
Cards with contacts — Electrical interface and transmission protocols”. The ISO standard defines three reset modes, internal reset, active low reset and synchronous high active reset. The reason lies in the availability of cheap crystals used in the television world. All of these memories described so far are non volatile. This signal is designed to provide the high voltage required to enable writing to the non volatile memory.
Leave this field empty. One may be tempted to ask why these strange frequencies were chosen, why not just a straight 5 MHZ. In the Smart Card world the term, application, is widely used to describe the software or programs that the IC implements. The RSC interface however defines two separate wires for data transmission and reception which would need hardware modification in order to interface with the single wire IC card directly.
The choice of chip location has been a difficult subject due largely to the use of magnetic stripes. Further problems arose in deciding on which face of the card the connector should be located.
The ISO connector is so designed to constrain the silicon die size to about 25mm2 although it is possible to handle 35mm2 or more. Electronic signals and answer to reset for synchronous cards”. Most IC cards have a power consumption of between 10mA and 20mA at 3.
Retrieved 19 April The lower speed is most commonly used uso date in Europe but this may change in the future. An annex is provided that shows how to control the loading of data secure download into the card, by means of verifying the access rights of the loading entity and protection of the transmitted data with secure ieo. The chip itself varies considerably between different manufacturers and for a whole gambit of applications. There is a further problem with the asynchronous character transmission that makes life difficult for a PC to act as the interface device.
However in the semiconductor industry generally two other techniques are used, the flip chip process and tape automated bonding.
Created inupdated inamended in Such cards are laminated as three layers with transparent overlays on the front and back. In order of increasing real isk the PROM comes next. There is a school of thought which envisages substantial changes in this area to account for the needs of multi-application cards where it is essential to provide the necessary security segregation.
ISO Identification cards – Financial transaction cards Cards with contacts — Physical characteristics”.